What is the procedure in the appointment of justices and judges?
Whenever there is a vacancy, the Judicial and Bar Council submits to the President a list of at least 3 nominees. The President may or may not appoint anyone mentioned in the said list. In fact, the President may even ask for another list. But once the appointment is issued by the President, and accepted by the nominee, the appointment needs no confirmation.
In the case of judges of lower courts, the Judicial and Bar Council also submits a list of its nominees and the President is given 90 days from submission within which to issue the appointment.